Unlike ordinary CTEs, which can be thought of as syntactic sugar, recursive CTEs make SQL a more powerful language. As the name suggests a recursive CTE makes it possible to express recursion in SQL. The ability to express recursion … Read the rest
CTEs, also know as Common Table Expressions, are a way of refactoring a query. They let you give the result of a subquery a name and reuse the result multiple times. The general syntax of a CTE looks like the … Read the rest
Write-ahead logging, or as it’s commonly referred to, WAL, is an optimization Postgres uses to minimize disk I/O while still preventing data loss. Intuitively, whenever a transaction completes, a record of every single change that transaction made must have been … Read the rest
In the last post, I discussed MVCC and how it allows Postgres to create snapshots of the current state of the database. One piece I didn’t mention is how Postgres handles failed transactions. The answer is through an object called … Read the rest
MVCC, which stands for multiversion concurrency control, is one of the main techniques Postgres uses to implement transactions. MVCC lets Postgres run many queries that touch the same rows simultaneously, while keeping those queries isolated from each other.
Postgres handles … Read the rest
Transactions are one of the main features of Postgres that make Postgres a great database. When code is ran in a transaction, Postgres provides a set of guarantees about the behavior of the code. Altogether, this set of guarantees is … Read the rest